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Recommendations: salmon and trout

58. Fish farms should be managed by an adequate number of suitably trained and competent persons.

59. Aquaculture training at colleges etc. should include the welfare of farmed fish.

60. The industry should pursue training schemes which are validated.

61. Whenever possible, fish should be conditioned to the proximity of farm staff so as to reduce fear responses.

62. Where handling is necessary for the purposes of inspection, this must be kept to a minimum.

63. Where welfare problems are discovered remedial action must be taken promptly and, if necessary, with the assistance of a veterinarian or other expert.

64. Dead and moribund fish must be removed daily except when this might involve danger to personnel who work on sea cages.

65. Water quality should be assessed frequently both visually and by the use of monitoring equipment which must be fitted with alarms to alert staff to unacceptable conditions. Staff should be available to respond to alarms which indicate a potential risk to the fish and should take appropriate action if emergencies arise.

66. Fish farmers must record live fish movements onto or off the site, fish mortalities and medicines used.

67. In the interest of good management, producers should record details of feeding, numbers and weight of fish, stocking density, growth and water quality measures, as unexpected changes may indicate a welfare problem.

68. Records should also be kept of any maintenance carried out and of generator and alarm tests.